What causes infertility in men?

Infertility is a problem in which a couple is unable to become pregnant after repeated efforts of trying to conceive for about a year. Infertility has become a serious issue and has affected millions of people worldwide.

Male fertility is a condition where a male is unable to make the female pregnant because of some inadequacies found in his sperm. It cannot be majorly described as a disease but a certain condition that has occurred due to some factors.

These conditions can be a result of various factors and bad habits such a smoking, excessive consumption of junk food, alcohol, nutritional deficiencies, or other factors such as high-stress levels, not having adequate sleep, not exercising enough, etc.

At Select IVF India, our expert doctors work with diligence and precision to find the underlying cause of male infertility and accordingly recommend the appropriate treatment. The fertility treatment is given at a reasonable price and we put all our efforts to make sure you go home with a baby.

Causes of Infertility in men

One of the major causes of infertility in men is low sperm count and unhealthy sperms. The rate of infertility in men is rising every year and the problem of infertility is becoming severe day by day. There are several causes of male infertility such as hormonal imbalances, physical problems, psychological problems, and behavioral problems. However, there are some major and common causes that have been the reason of infertility among men.

Below are the main causes of infertility in men:

Hormone imbalances

Hormone imbalance is a condition in which testosterone levels in the body are low, which negatively impacts the sperm count. Infertility can also be caused by if there are problems in the proper functioning of the other hormonal systems such as the hypothalamus, pituitary endocrine system, thyroid, and adrenal glands.

Sexual dysfunction

There are other issues that can lead to the problem of infertility in men such as sexual problems which include erectile dysfunction, ejaculation disorders, premature ejaculation, painful intercourse, anatomical abnormalities, some kind of serious issue, etc.

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Abnormal blood pressure

Abnormal or unhealthy blood pressure leads to disruption in the blood flow and hinders the supply of nutrients to the whole body. When the smooth blood flow is disturbed it keeps the healthy nutrients from reaching the sperm, which in turn results in the formation of immotile and unhealthy sperms and causes the issue of male infertility. 


Obesity in men is the other major cause of male-factor infertility. Excess body weight can adversely affect the quality and quantity of sperm produced and is also the cause of abnormally shaped sperm in males.


This problem generally occurs when the veins on the testicles are larger than usual and become swollen. The problem of varicocele can be cured with the help of surgery. It is a common cause of low sperm count and bad-quality of sperm.

Damaged sperm ducts

If the man has damaged sperm ducts, his sperms face difficulty emerging out of the penis. This passage may be blocked due to several reasons such as genetic issues that result in the absence of one or more tubes from which sperm passes from the testicles to the penis.


There are certain infections that can intervene in the process of sperm production or have the potential of blocking the path of the sperm. These include various sexually transmitted infections, inflammation of the epididymis, gonorrhea, HIV, etc.  

Our fertility experts at Select IVF India are highly experienced in giving several types of infertility treatments and have given desired results to couples across the world. We provide great support to our patients during the treatment and make sure that they have a good treatment experience.

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